Healthy Habits for Better Heart Health

Person holding heart shape with stethoscope


Heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, responsible for approximately 17.9 million deaths each year. It accounts for over 31% of all global deaths.


High blood pressure (hypertension), high cholesterol levels, and smoking are major risk factors for heart disease. Other risk factors include obesity, poor diet, lack of physical activity, diabetes, and excessive alcohol consumption.


Up to 80% of premature heart disease and stroke cases can be prevented through lifestyle changes, including a healthy diet, regular physical activity, and not smoking.


The heart is the body's vital engine, supplying essential nutrients and oxygen to all cells and organs. Neglecting heart health can lead to severe consequences, such as heart disease.


In this post, we will explore healthy habits for better heart health, including maintaining a heart-healthy diet, engaging in regular physical activity, managing stress, and adopting strategies for blood pressure and cholesterol control.


As always, our team at Cook’s RX is here to help you in your health journey. You do not have to navigate this part of your life alone. If you’re still unsure about how to focus on your heart health or anything else related to healthy living, reach out to us and we will help you out.



Enjoy a Heart-Healthy Diet

Nutrition plays an important role in maintaining a healthy heart. Eating a heart-healthy diet influences cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and overall cardiovascular function. A well-balanced diet can reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, and related complications.


Heart-Healthy Foods

Including a variety of nutrient-rich foods in your diet is essential to heart health.

  • Fruits and vegetables, high in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, help reduce inflammation and improve heart function.

  • Whole grains like oats, brown rice, and quinoa are rich in fiber, which can lower cholesterol levels and enhance heart health.

  • Lean proteins such as poultry, fish, and legumes provide essential amino acids without the excess saturated fat found in red meats.

  • Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, like salmon and walnuts, have anti-inflammatory properties and are beneficial for heart health.

  • Nuts, seeds, and olive oil contain heart-healthy fats that can help lower bad cholesterol (LDL) levels when consumed in moderation.


Incorporating Heart-Healthy Foods

  • Start your day with a heart-healthy breakfast by including whole-grain cereals, fresh fruits, and low-fat dairy or plant-based alternatives.

  • Incorporate colourful vegetables into your lunches and dinners, aiming for a rainbow of options to maximize nutrient intake.

  • Opt for lean protein sources like skinless poultry or tofu in your meals and limit red meat consumption.

  • Replace saturated and trans fats with healthier options like olive oil for cooking and salad dressings.

  • Snack smartly with nuts, seeds, or fresh fruit instead of sugary or processed snacks.

  • Pay attention to portion sizes to avoid overeating, as excess calories can contribute to weight gain, which impacts heart health.


Engage in Regular Physical Activity

Exercise helps maintain and improve cardiovascular health by strengthening the heart, improving blood circulation, and reducing the risk of heart disease. Regular physical activity helps lower blood pressure, control weight, and manage cholesterol levels.


Types of Exercises Benefiting the Heart

  • Aerobic exercises like brisk walking, jogging, swimming, and cycling increase heart rate and improve cardiovascular fitness.

  • Strength training exercises, such as weightlifting and bodyweight exercises, help build muscle mass, which can boost metabolism and support heart health.

  • Flexibility and stretching exercises, like yoga or Pilates, can improve overall mobility and reduce the risk of injury during physical activities.


Tips for Incorporating Exercise into a Busy Lifestyle

  • Prioritize physical activity by scheduling it into your daily routine like any other appointment.

  • Break exercise into smaller, manageable sessions if you can't find a continuous block of time.

  • Choose activities you enjoy to make exercise more sustainable and fun.

  • Make it a family or social activity to increase motivation and accountability.

  • Utilize technology and apps to track your progress and set goals.

  • Consider incorporating physical activity into your daily commute, such as biking to work or taking the stairs.


Manage Your Stress

Chronic stress can have a detrimental effect on heart health as it triggers the body's "fight or flight" response, leading to an increase in heart rate and blood pressure.


Woman meditating on the beach wearing headphones.


Over time, this chronic stress response can contribute to the development of heart disease, including hypertension and atherosclerosis, as well as an increased risk of heart attacks and strokes.


Stress-Reduction Techniques

  • Meditation: Meditation involves focusing your mind on a particular object, thought, or activity to achieve mental clarity and relaxation. Regular meditation can reduce stress, lower blood pressure, and improve overall heart health.

  • Deep Breathing Exercises: Deep, slow, and controlled breathing techniques, such as diaphragmatic breathing or the 4-7-8 technique, help activate the body's relaxation response, reducing stress and anxiety.

  • Yoga: Yoga combines physical postures, controlled breathing, and meditation to promote relaxation and reduce stress. It can also improve flexibility and overall fitness, contributing to heart health.

  • Mindfulness: Mindfulness techniques encourage staying present and accepting the moment without judgment.

  • Physical Activity: Regular exercise, including aerobic activities like walking or running, can reduce stress hormones and promote the release of endorphins, which act as natural mood lifters.

  • Social Support: Maintaining strong social connections and seeking support from friends and family can help alleviate stress and improve emotional well-being.



Manage Your Blood Pressure and Cholesterol

High blood pressure (hypertension) and high cholesterol levels are major risk factors for heart disease.


Hypertension puts added stress on the heart and blood vessels, increasing the risk of heart attacks, strokes, and other cardiovascular problems. High levels of LDL cholesterol ("bad" cholesterol) can lead to the buildup of plaque in the arteries, restricting blood flow and increasing the risk of atherosclerosis and heart attacks.



Quit Smoking and Limit Alcohol Consumption

Smoking poses severe threats to heart health by increasing the risk of atherosclerosis, blood clots, and irregular heartbeats. If your goal is to improve your heart health, you must quit smoking. There are many resources available to help you with this, such as nicotine replacement therapy and support from healthcare professionals or support groups.


Excessive alcohol consumption can also have negative effects on the heart, leading to high blood pressure, irregular heart rhythms, and weakened heart muscles. To avoid these risks, reduce or eliminate alcohol intake. Similar to quitting smoking, there are several resources to help you achieve this, such as setting limits, seeking counseling, or exploring healthier alternatives to alcohol consumption.



Maintain a Healthy Weight

Obesity is a significant risk factor for heart disease, as it can lead to the accumulation of plaque in the arteries, increasing the risk of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. Excess body fat, especially around the abdomen, can contribute to inflammation, insulin resistance, and high blood pressure, all detrimental to heart health.


Man on exercise bike smiling.


We have written an entire blog post on this topic, so if you’d like to learn more, check out our blog, "The Importance of Portion Control for Weight Management."


How to Reach Your Weight Loss Goals

  • Set realistic and achievable weight loss goals for long-term success in maintaining a healthy weight.

  • Aim for gradual weight loss, typically 1-2 pounds per week, as rapid weight loss can be unsustainable and may lead to muscle loss.

  • Consult with a healthcare provider or a registered dietitian to create a personalized weight loss plan based on individual needs and goals. We’re always here to help you.



Get Quality Sleep

Inadequate or poor-quality sleep can lead to various risk factors for cardiovascular disease.


Chronic sleep deprivation is associated with an increased risk of high blood pressure, obesity, and diabetes, all of which contribute to heart disease. Lack of quality sleep can disrupt the body's natural processes for repairing and maintaining heart health, including regulating blood pressure and inflammation.


Tips for Improving Sleep Quality and Establishing a Sleep Routine

  • Maintain a Consistent Schedule: Go to bed and wake up at the same time every day, even on weekends, to regulate your body's internal clock.

  • Create a Relaxing Bedtime Routine: Develop calming pre-sleep rituals, such as reading, meditating, or taking a warm bath, to signal to your body that it's time to wind down.

  • Optimize Sleep Environment: Ensure your bedroom is conducive to sleep by keeping it dark, quiet, and at a comfortable temperature.

  • Limit Screen Time: Avoid electronic devices like phones and tablets before bedtime, as the blue light emitted can interfere with the production of melatonin, a hormone that regulates sleep.

  • Watch Your Diet: Avoid large meals, caffeine, and alcohol close to bedtime, as these can disrupt sleep patterns.

  • Get Regular Exercise: Regular physical activity can improve sleep quality, but avoid vigorous exercise close to bedtime.

  • Manage Stress: Practice stress-reduction techniques such as relaxation exercises or mindfulness to calm the mind and reduce anxiety that can interfere with sleep.


As always, our team at Cook’s RX is here to help you in your health journey. You do not have to navigate this part of your life alone. If you’re still unsure about how to focus on your heart health or anything else related to healthy living, reach out to us and we will help you out.





Any medical or pharmaceutical information on this site is provided as an information resource only and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes. This information does not create any patient-pharmacist relationship, and should not be used as a substitute for professional diagnosis and treatment.


Please consult your healthcare provider before making any healthcare decisions or for guidance about a specific medical condition.


Cook’s Pharmacy and its subsidiaries expressly disclaim responsibility and shall have no liability, for any damages, loss, injury, or liability whatsoever suffered as a result of your reliance on the information contained in this site.


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